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ABOUT INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION : MIGRATION’S HISTORIC MOMENT STILL AT THE TOP OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICY AGENDA.

 

Around 4.8 million people migrated permanently to OECD countries in 2015, slightly above the 2007 peak level and 10% more than in 2014.

The foreign – born population in OECD countries was 120 million people in 2014.

In 2015, there were 1.65 million new registered asylum seekers in the OECD area, a record high, double 2014 and 1992 levels.

Almost 1.3 million of them came to European OECD countries.

Syrians made about 25% of applications, Afghans made 16%.

In 2013, there were almost 3 million international students enrolled in OECD countries, 23% from China.

International Migration is not a numbers game but with less than 250 million international migrants in a world of 7 billion inhabitants, migration remains at the top of the international policy agenda.

There are three challenges according to OECD Secretary – General Angel Gurria.

The first one is to maintain a fair allocation of refugees within Europe.

The second challenge is to guarantee the process of integrating refugees into Europe’s societies and economies.

The third one is to make sure that today’s leaders overcome the fear of migrants as environmental and geopolitical shocks are often associated with large – scale migration flows, which can put legal migration and protection systems under strain.